Now you can view this blog on your mobile phones! Give a try.

Thursday, July 15, 2010

Mapping of the essay by Triveni Waikhom

Map of Essay “Aesthetics and Politics” Triveni Waikhom
By 1024120
Frederic Jameson MEL132:Western Aesthetics
Paragraph 1: Post-Marxism
Besides Political history-Post-Marxism-Marxism-Pre-Marxism.Marxism-older controversies.Past-haunting factor-present.
1.It is clear known fact that it is not only political history but histories of the past that reflects the present and nobody can get away from it just as explanation requires explanation for the emerging concepts and others in the present.
Paragraph 2: Navigation
“return of the repressed”-Realism and Modernism-aesthetic conflict. Navigation inevitable but irreducible past. Political replay-Querelle des anciens et des modernes-aesthetics-dilemmas –history.
1.The aesthetic times is also explicably “return of the repressed.””Realism” and “Modernism”are bound in counteracting their ideas in aesthetics.Only conversion is possible and that happens through changes in them.Contemporary political replay,Querelle des anciens et des modernes is in which aesthetics came face to face with dilemmas of history.
Paragraph 3:Controversy
1.Controversy over Realism and Modernism was a living fact among the German Left writings in the 1920s and1930’s.
2.Lukacs set the stage for debate between Bloch,Lukacs,Brecht,Benjamin and Adorno which relate to internal dynamism and surpasses Expressionism and realism to draw within popular art,naturalism,socialist realism etc.
3.Fundamental themes have been transmitted to students by Marcuse while their revival in political modernisms was in Brecht’s work.
Paragraph 4:Lukacs-Brecht counteraction
1.In the controversy over Realism and Modernism,Brecht-Lukacs confrontation was of rare” “spots” on the influence of contemporary Marxism.
2.Brecht was the support of the Communist while the latter was a heir of German tradition.
3.Differences of style,identification and culture in Pleibeian and mandarin type collided the two.Lukacs had the better stand here.
Paragraph 5:Brecht on Lukacs
1.Lukacs turned down the discussion of Expressionism into Realism one.
2.Lukacs insisted on the crucial significance of literature and his development of theory of mediations was purely formal aesthetic phenomena.
3.Brecht terming Lukacs method as formalistic in the former’s decoding of naturalism.
4.Lukacs privileged on solitary reading as in novels contrasted to Brechts performance in art.
5.Brechts adverse ideas point the practical stance challenging the idealogical radicality.Two types of idealisms:
• .common variety in religion,metaphysics or literalism and
• .ideal science dividing mental and manual labour
On the other hand Lukacs touch on psychoanalytics,semiotics serves a a construct of ideological act to present-day research.
Paragraph 6:Discussion on the argument
1.Brecht’s argument was indignation while Lukacs employed his methods more.
2.The exhibit of Lukacs link on Expressionism and social-democracy to intricate on Bloch’s essays launched the Realism debate.
3.Marxism reduced to texual objects by the Lukacses.Among them Die Zerstorung der Vernunft is the least restorable.Lukacs’ reference not so much referred to social class but so with the relation between class and ideology.
4.Lukacs’ “decadence”streams with fascism and modern art ,also equivalent the false consciousnessness of ideal concept.
5.He fails to imply everyday issues.In the 1920s and 30s such culpability of decadence was of eternal rounds.
6.More is the content of the social repressed in modern era though Fitzgerald supports Lukacs concept.
Paragraph 7:Political failure on Lukacs’ stance
1.Lukacs failure to relate art and ideology is its explaination in politics.
2.He disliked socialist realism as much as western modernism and did not show up in the Moscow of the 1930’s and 1940’s.
3.’Naturalism’ was pejorative word for socialist realism.
4.The argument between modernism and the bad immediacy of photographic naturalism was his insight
5.In his “entry to ticket” on rationality to Lukacs choice ,Korsh or Reich argued with his objectives.
6.Lukacs formal means to subjectiveness to modernism and objectivism to naturalism he had no intellect proves it all.
7.A revolutionary anti-fascist support and anti-capitalist merged in Lukacs “Blue Theses.”In military era genuine social revolution becomes difficult.
Paragraph 8:Lukacs as in aesthetics
1.Lukacs work today is more analysed alike an old fashioned monument.
2.Lukacs occupies a certain mimetic position of mediation as “real” in our eyes.Lukacsian realism possibly aids sociological approach which is antagonistic to recent construing narratives.
3.Lukacs view is taken to be more today at argumentative level than in artistic style.
Paragraph 9: Lukacs’ ansd Brecht’s definition of science
1.Brechts has rewritten in concern of the present.Lukacs stand is only more complex stand on realism Brecht says.Brechts bound up more in science in contemporariness.
2.For Lukacs science is abstract while for Brecht it is far less a matter of knowledge.Lukacs’ is more of popular science while for Brecht it is blurring the difference between the physical and the mental activity.It keeps track of changings and unites theory and action Brecht says.Didactic art may no longer be judged separate from teachings and pleasure.
Paragraph 10:Brecht’s vision
1.Brecht vision science is non- alienated production.
2.In bourgeoise literature there is practice of Utopian emblem leaving out alienation and division of labour.
3.Brechts vision is present still what is termed as second industrial revolution.Brecht on “science”piece is one on Lenin’s “ the soviets plus electrification”
Paragraph 11:Ends of Revolution
1.Lukacs fundamental notion of” Verfremdung”the estrangement effect”invoking political modernism.
2. Estrangement is revealed to be historical and revolutionary change provide an outlet from the dead end agitational didactism.Pounds”make it new”from the ends of a revolutionary politics.
3.Traditional realism defended by Lukacs is oriented to the”closed form” while even bourgeois modernism calls older formal values to question to an open end.
Paragraph 12:”Total system”
1.Brecht and Lukacs spelled out of the notion of the Marxist aesthetics and a Marxian concept of realism.
2.The inextricable relationship between and media’s revolutionary possibilities is as for minority”elites “and massive mediafor Brecht and Benjamin,so our thinking about aesthetics is locked inevitably.
3.Nazism corresponds to the early media so does Benjamin’s cultural strategy for attacking it and takes back technically to their degree of advancement.
Paragraph 13:Compatible impact.
1.The fundamental difference between present situation and that of the thirties is the transformation of the late monopoly.Adorno’s two postwar essays reflects upon this.
2. Adorno and Horkheimer encourages all pervasiveness with its culture and makes for an unpropitious climate for any of the older .Some of Adorno’s most remarkable essays in the Philosophy of Modern Music holds up a mirror referring late capitalism.
3.Adorno’s attack on Lukacs is Lukacs partiality in analyzing Brecht’s work.Early anti-social phenomenon became a social part today.
Jameson Frederic”Aesthetics and Politics”Art in Modern Culture:An Anthology of Critical Texts.
Eds:Francis Franscina and Jonathan Harris.London/New York:Phaidon,1992
“Aesthetics and Politics” Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopaedia.Wikipedia FoundationInc.,13 June
2010.Web15 July2010.

No comments: