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Sunday, March 28, 2010

4TH FEP-Radio Section C questions

Radio Glossary
· Actuality: live recording of a real event, sounds recorded on location
· Ad lib: unscripted announcement, off-the-cuff remark
· Anchor: person acting as the main presenter in a programme involving several components.
· Back –announcement: where the names and details of an interview or record are given immediately after the item.
· Back –timing: the process of timing a live programme backwards from its intended closing time to ensure it ends on time.
· Byte: a string of 8, 16, 32 or more binary electrical pulses or bits representing a specific piece of data
· Cd: compact disc. Digital recording and playback medium.
· Copy: written material offered for broadcasting e.g news copy, advertising copy.
· Cue: the prearranged signal to begin – visual light or gesture. Verbal. Musical or scripted words
· Cue, in and out: the first and last words (effects or music) of a programme or item.
· Cume: cumulating audience measurement.
· DAT: digital audio tape. Sound recording and playback system in digital mode using small tape cassette and rotating heads – as in a video recorder.
· Dry run: programme rehearsal, especially drama not necessarily in the studio and without music, effect or movement to mic.
· Log: written record of station output. Can also be recorded audio.
· Multi-tracking: two or more audio tarcks are recorded separately and subsequently mixed for the final result.
· Package: edited programme or insert offered complete with links ready for transmission
· Pick – up: gramophone record reproducing components which convert the mechanical variations into electrical energy.
· Post-echo: the immediate repeating at lowlevel of sounds replayed from a tape recording.
· PPL: phonographic performance ltd. Organization of british record manufactuers to control performance and usage rights.
· Prefade: the facility for hearing and measuring a source before opening its fader, generally on a studio mixing desk.
· Promo: on-air promotion of station or programme.
· Reach: term used in audience measurement describing the total number of different listeners to a station or service within a specified period. Most often expressed as a percentage of the potential audience. Weekly reach.
· Running order: list of programme items and timings in their chronological sequence.
· Sibilance: an emphasis on the‘s’ sounds in speech. May be accentuated or reduced by type and position of microphone.
· Slug: short identifying title given to a short item, particularly a news insert. Also catchline
· Spot fx: practical sound effects created live in the studio
· Sweep: the process of audience survey for a particular station or service within a given time scale.
· Traffic: station department responsible for scheduling and billing commericial advertising.
· Trail: broadcast items advertising forthcoming programme. On- air promotion or promo.

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