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Sunday, April 13, 2014

History of Computer Education in India by Siji T. Mathew


Ph.D  Research scholar, Dept. of Computer Science,Christ University, Bangalore

 

                        India was one of the first countries of the world to utilize the capability of computers in Educatio,R&D,Planning and National Development. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur was the first Institute in India to start Computer Science education in India .The program was inaugurated in the month of August 1963 .The nation's first "computer classroom" was installed with IBM 1620 system[1]. 

Two important developments occurred in the 1960s which influenced the  computer era  . One was the establishment of the IITs, particularly IIT Kanpur, where the American partners brought in what was at that time a state-of-the-art computer IBM 1620, along with a Fortran II compiler. The second related development was the teaching and training program that IITK embarked on. Rajaraman wrote his first bestseller “Principle of Computer Programming”, which he forced the publishers to price at Rs 15/- so that many students can buy and learn from it.The machine, the mentor, the manuscript, and the bright-eyed mentees basking in the new-found mode of American informality in learning; this invigorating cocktail made hundreds of students take to computers and IT [2]. The first computer based  post-graduate diploma (DIIT) course was started in the IIT Kharagpur in1977.

 

First Ph.D in Computer science

 

 In 1976,at Kharagpur IIT, the PhD thesis entitled ‘An Investigation into some problems in  global programme flow analysis for compiler optimization’ was submitted and it is the first PhD work in computer science[3].

 

Computer science  as a subject  in School Education

The computer education in primary school was a stepping-stone for higher education. In the year 1987 , Don Bosco School  started computer  education and  was the first school in north-east India to have computer education .This is a Catholic school located in Guwahati, Assam, India[4].

 

University of Delhi- first MCA course

 

Department of Computer Science was established in University of Delhi, in the year 1981, with the objective of imparting quality education in the field of Computer Science[5]. The Department started the three year Master of Computer Applications (MCA) programme in the year 1982, which was among the first such programmes in India. The department offers:

  • M.Sc. Computer Science
  • B.Tech. Computer Science and B.Sc. (H) Computer Science

The Pune University, Computer Science Department (PUCSD)

   University of Pune  aims at providing quality education in Computer Science. The Department is one of the earliest CS Departments started in Indian Universities. In 1980, when computer science was little known and the word IT didn't exist, a one-year programme was started towards the B.Sc. (Applied) degree in Computer Science[6]. The M.C.A. programme was launched in 1983, the M.Tech. degree programme in 1985, and the one year B.Sc. (Applied) programme was upgraded to a two year M.Sc. in Computer Science in 1986.

 

IIT Kharagpur

In early 1970’s IIT Kharagpur introduced P.G course in computer science Engineering in the Electrical and ECE department . BTech  course started in the year 1979. In the year 82-83 all IITs started the dept of Computer Science and engineering. Pg computer and IT were started in 1986 to train students in it &technology[7].

IIT Kanpur

It was the first department in India to offer Computer Science as a separate discipline[8]. The following significant features of the B.Tech program designed in 1963-1964 were unique in India at that time:

  •  A strong base in basic and engineering sciences and mathematics
  •  A large humanities and social sciences conten
  •  Semester system of education
  • Continuous evaluation of students by their instructor
  •  Evaluation in terms of grades rather than marks
  • Course-wise promotion
  •  Early introduction of computer education

 

IIT Madras

IIT madras is the first institute in India to offer sophisticated computing in the early 70’s with IBM system 370. In the year 1973 summer, first batch of MTech, Ms by research and  Phd coursers were stared. The B.Tech degree programme stared  in the year 1983[9].

 

IIT Delhi

The department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi started Computer Technology as a course in 1976, which was even before the establishment of Computer Science & Engineering department. Courses offered were PhD, M.S. (Research) and M.Tech. The later established department of Computer Science and Engineering is now renowned for cutting edge research and for imparting state of the art education to the students of B.Tech, M.Tech, M.S.(Research) and PhD[10].

IIT BHU

       Founded as three engineering and technological institutions during the freedom struggle by Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, were later merged to form the Institute of Technology (IT-BHU) in 1971[11].    To preserve its excellence and national character, admission procedures through the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE of the IITs) for undergraduate courses and Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE conducted by the IITs & IISc.) for the post-graduate courses were established.

 

Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

 

Department of Computer Science and Automation, IISc, Bangalore, India, was created in the year 1969[12]. The vision of the department is to enable India's excellence in the world of computer science and automation. The department has been a pioneering academic centre for higher education, research, and innovation in key areas of computer science.

 

Rastriya Computer Saksharta Mission-1995

Computer Based Society For Education has started 'Rastriya Computer Saksharta Mission' in India.  Through this a large amount of student and even all kind of people got computer literacy for free of cost. Students can get Free Computer Primary Computer education from Computer Based Society For Education affiliated Institute or Cyber School based on 'Rashtriya Computer Saksharta Mission'[13].

 

IGNOU: The School of Computer & Information Sciences

The Indira Gandhi National Open University  is a distance learning national university located in IGNOU road, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi, India.This is a distance learning provide higher education opportunities particularly to the disadvantaged segments of society, encourage, coordinate and set standards for distance and open education in India and strengthen the human resources of India through education[14].The School of Computer & Information Sciences (SOCIS) was established in 1991 to provide computer education at the doorsteps of learners with the following objectives: 

  • To demonstrate that an open learning approach to computer education is not only feasible but probably preferable.
  • To increase both accessibility and acceptability of IGNOU Computer Education Programmes
  • To disseminate learning and knowledge through an innovative multiple media teaching/ learning system.

Indian Computer Education Society (ICES)

 

Indian Computer Education Society (ICES) started functioning as a voluntary organization in 1990 when computer education was in its immature stage. The society knew that India could prosper only if the IT education is spread far and wide, and jobless young are initiated in to it. The Society was registered to encourage educated jobless youths to start computer centres in as many places as possible. They assisted the state Govt as an external agency for the IT @ School project during 2002-07,started a campus at kochi with all infrastructural facilities to give up-to-date training to the resource persons in member institutes. It was spread over  Tamilnadu,Goa, UP and Hyderabad with well equipped member institutes.

Mohamed sathak polytechnic college

Mohamed sathak polytechnic college is the first institution started by the Mohamed Sathak Trust in 1980 at Kilakarai in Ramanathapuram District of Tamil Nadu. It is a Government aided institution, affiliated to the State Board of Technical Education and Training, Government of Tamil Nadu and approved by the AICTE, New Delhi[15].

Institute of Engineering and Rural Technology

The Institute was the first polytechnic in India to be granted autonomy. IERT is now wholly in charge of its syllabus, admission procedure as well as diplomas offered. The Institute offers B.Tech courses in seven disciplines - Electronics Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering Industrial Production Engineering, instrumentation and control engineering, civil engineering, mechanical engineering and electrical engineering[16].


 

References

* all links accessed on March 2014

1. http://iit.org/history/

2.2.http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/sixty-years-of-it-inindia/article4435223.ec

3.http://books.google.co.in/books?id=QCYEJXzmbpQC&pg=PA127&lpg=PA127&dq=computer-education+in+india+history&source=bl&ots=h10rjBbg5F&sig=l6L p8Yq_ccck2YnFl7utrVmtUEY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZekzU7qfGMXqrAfIpoG4DQ&ved=0CGMQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=computereducation%20in%20india%20history&f=false

4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_Bosco_High_School,_Guwahati#First_Phase

5. http://cs.du.ac.in/index.html

6. http://www.unipune.ac.in/dept/science/computer_science/

7.National Informatics Centre, India (http://www.nic.in)

8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institute_of_Technology_Kanpur

9. http://www.cse.iitm.ac.in/

10. http://ctech.iitd.ac.in/

11. http://iit.org/history/

12. http://www.csa.iisc.ernet.in/aboutus/aboutus-earlyhistory.php

13. http://www.cbsengov.org/courses.html

14.http://ignougurublog.blogspot.in/2013/06/school-of-computer-and-information.html

15. http://www.mspolytechnic-edu.in/

16. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institute_of_Engineering_and_Rural_Technology

 

 

 

 

1 comment:

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India was one of the first countries of the world to utilize the capability of computers in Educatio,R&D,Planning and National Development. The computer education in primary school was a stepping-stone for higher education.