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Friday, March 27, 2015

History of Physics in Christ University

     Christ College affiliated to Bangalore University was established in July 1969.  Since 1990 the institution has reached greater heights and has become one of the reputed institutions in the present Bengaluru, for all its modern curricula, diverse disciplines, imparting Holistic Education, highly qualified and dedicated faculty, ambiance, premises being centrally located, and the excelling diverse student community from all over the world. 

    The Department of Physics existed since the time of establishment and run Intermediate and UG courses.  At the undergraduate level (Bachelor of Science-BSc) there were two combinations with Physics as one of the core subjects.  The Combinations are Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics (PCM) and Physics, Mathematics, Electronics (PME).  In 1993, Christ College started a two-year Post Graduate programme, Master of Science in Physics with specializations in Crystal Physics and Electronics along with a branch of Solid State Physics and Spectroscopy.  In 2002 as a result of bifurcation of the Degree and Pre University Courses, Christ Junior College was established and functioned as a different body.  The institution has been continually rated among the top 10 educational institutions of India.  It is the first institution in Karnataka to be accredited by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) UGC for quality education. 

      Christ College followed Annual Scheme and the syllabus prescribed by Bangalore University for UG and PG until 2003.  From 2004 onwards the annual scheme is modified to Semester system (2 semesters in a year).  In 2004, UGC conferred Autonomy on the Institution, after which the syllabus was revised by The Department of Physics and followed a schedule best suited the curriculum.  Changes were brought in the grading system and examination pattern.  After the completion of the course, the Convocation certificate was awarded by 'The Bangalore University'.  In 2005, Christ College(Autonomous) became the first College in South India to be re accredited with A+ by NAAC.   UGC identified it as an Institution with Potential for Excellence in 2006.

It was on July 22, 2008, the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Union Government of India, under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956, vied Notification No. F. 9-34/2007-U.3(A), declared Christ College (Autonomous), a Deemed to be University, in the name and style of Christ University.  It was after this Christ University and the Departments had absolute Academic independence. 

       Until 2009 the Department of Physics at Undergraduate and Postgraduate level functioned as two different bodies teaching only the respective streams.  In 2010 the UG and the PG departments of Physics combined under one Head of the Department.  Then onwards every faculty in the Department of Physics handled classes for both UG as well as PG.  The institution in 2014 has included Material Science and Astrophysics too as the specializations at MSc.  The institution offers Master of Philosophy in Physics which is basically designed to inculcate and initiate research ideas.  The Department of Physics offers MPhil programme with specializations in Crystal Physics, Astrophysics, Nuclear Physics, Spectroscopy and Superconductivity. 

The Institution started Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Physics in the year 2008.  The eligibility criteria to join for PhD at Christ University is that the candidates should have 55% marks in Post graduation and 50% marks in MPhil in the relevant subject from any recognized university. Candidates who have completed JRF are exempted from MPhil requirement.

       There has not been much change in the teaching technique for the subject Physics.  The professors still follow chalk and board technique as it is more effective than PowerPoint presentations.  For certain areas depending on the relevance PowerPoint presentations, industrial visits, talks by eminent resource persons, workshops, seminars by students, EUREKA-the Physics fest are arranged periodically to trigger younger minds towards research.  All these developments have built a better student-teacher bonding.  Every faculty along with teaching are involved into research which would definitely contribute to the quality of their teaching and towards broadening the horizons of students.  Many research papers have been published by the faculty, of which one of the research papers published by Dr. S.B.Gudennavar in Astrophysics has the highest impact factor so far in Bengaluru.  Most of the research projects done by the faculty are funded by the Government and also by the University itself.   This is how the Department of Physics has transformed itself since the time of establishment.


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